温度对玻璃纤维/环氧复合材料吸湿扩散行为的影响

朱礼宝 李永清 朱锡

朱礼宝, 李永清, 朱锡. 温度对玻璃纤维/环氧复合材料吸湿扩散行为的影响[J]. 航空材料学报, 2021, 41(6): 74-80. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2019.000094
引用本文: 朱礼宝, 李永清, 朱锡. 温度对玻璃纤维/环氧复合材料吸湿扩散行为的影响[J]. 航空材料学报, 2021, 41(6): 74-80. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2019.000094
ZHU Libao, LI Yongqing, ZHU Xi. Effects of temperature on moisture absorption and diffusion behavior of glass fiber/epoxy composites[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2021, 41(6): 74-80. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2019.000094
Citation: ZHU Libao, LI Yongqing, ZHU Xi. Effects of temperature on moisture absorption and diffusion behavior of glass fiber/epoxy composites[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2021, 41(6): 74-80. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2019.000094

温度对玻璃纤维/环氧复合材料吸湿扩散行为的影响

doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2019.000094
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    李永清(1976—),男,博士,副教授,主要从事船用复合材料研究,联系地址:湖北省武汉市硚口区解放大道717号舰船与海洋学院(430033),E-mail:liyongqing@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Effects of temperature on moisture absorption and diffusion behavior of glass fiber/epoxy composites

  • 摘要: 为研究温度对复合材料吸湿扩散行为的影响,开展单向玻璃纤维/环氧复合材料板在35 ℃、50 ℃、70 ℃下的吸湿实验,并用DMA分析复合材料的储能模量和玻璃化转变温度(Tg)变化,用FTIR分析复合材料官能团变化。结果表明:温度为35 ℃和50 ℃时,复合材料的吸湿扩散行为可用Fick模型描述,采用Fick三维公式可拟合得到复合材料的三维扩散系数。温度为70 ℃时,复合材料的吸湿扩散行为可用Fick-松弛耦合模型描述。饱和吸湿复合材料的Tg随吸湿实验温度的升高而增大,在70 ℃时复合材料出现降解和物理老化,导致质量损失。不同吸湿实验温度下复合材料在垂直于纤维方向的扩散系数满足Arrhenius方程,活化能为78.15 kJ•K−1•mol−1。沿纤维方向的扩散系数在温度为70 ℃时显著增大,其原因是高温显著增强了水分在纤维/基体界面沿该方向的扩散性能。

     

  • 图  1  复合材料试样示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of composite specimen

    图  2  35 ℃及50 ℃时吸湿实验及Fick模型拟合结果对比图 (a)35 ℃,F试样;(b)35 ℃,S试样;(c)35 ℃,T试样;(d)50 ℃,F试样;(e)50 ℃,S试样;(f)50 ℃,T试样

    Figure  2.  Comparison between experimental data and Fick model fitting curves at temperature 35 ℃ and 50 ℃  (a)35 ℃,F specimen;(b)35 ℃,S specimen;(c)35 ℃,T specimen;(d)50 ℃,F specimen;(e)50 ℃,S specimen;(f)50 ℃,T specimen

    图  3  70 ℃时吸湿实验及模型拟合结果对比图  (a)F试样;(b)S试样;(c)T试样

    Figure  3.  Comparison between hygroscopic experimental data and model fitting curves at temperature 70 ℃  (a)F specimen;(b)S specimen;(c) T specimen

    图  4  干燥和不同温度下饱和吸湿复合材料的储能模量和损耗模量

    Figure  4.  Storage modules and loss modules for dry and saturated hygroscopic composites at different temperatures

    图  5  初始和不同温度下饱和吸湿复合材料的红外图谱

    Figure  5.  FTIR for dry and saturated hygroscopic composites under different temperatures

    图  6  温度和方向对复合材料扩散系数的影响 (a)温度;(b)方向

    Figure  6.  Effects of temperature and direction on composite diffusivities  (a) temperature;(b) direction

    图  7  扩散系数对数与温度倒数的关系图

    Figure  7.  Natural logarithm of Fick diffusion diffusivities as function of inverse temperature

    图  8  吸湿扩散系数实验值与拟合值比较

    Figure  8.  Comparison between test results and theoretical fitting curves at different temperatures

    表  1  35 ℃和50 ℃时复合材料吸湿扩散系数及饱和吸湿量

    Table  1.   Hygroscopic diffusivity and saturation moisture content of composite at temperature 35 ℃ and 50 ℃

    Temperature /℃Fick-1DFick-3DWF, ∞ /%
    SpecimenD /10−3(mm2•h−1)DirectionD /10−3(mm2•h−1)
    35F1.47F1.251.13
    S1.06S0.841.16
    T0.72T0.511.11
    50F6.16F5.411.21
    S4.45S3.581.16
    T2.98T2.231.20
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  70 ℃时复合材料Fick模型吸湿扩散系数及饱和吸湿量

    Table  2.   Hygroscopic diffusivity and saturation moisture content of composite at temperature 70 ℃ by Fick model

    Temperature /℃Fick-1DFick-3DWF, ∞ /%
    SpecimenD /10−2(mm2•h−1)DirectionD /10−2(mm2•h−1)
    70F7.76F6.581.04
    S2.86S2.001.06
    T2.07T1.351.03
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  70 ℃时复合材料Fick-松弛耦合模型吸湿扩散系数及饱和吸湿量

    Table  3.   Hygroscopic diffusivity and saturation moisture content of composite at temperature 70 ℃ by Fick-relaxation coupled model

    Temperature /℃Fick-3DWF, ∞ /%k1 /10−3hWR1, ∞ /%
    DirectionD /10−2(mm2•h−1)
    70F6.121.107.02−0.292
    S1.871.156.60−0.280
    T1.161.113.95−0.295
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  复合材料不同方向上的渗透指数和活化能

    Table  4.   Permeability index and activation energy of the composite in different directions

    DirectionG /
    (1010mm2•h−1
    Temperature /
    E /
    (kJ• mol−1
    F2.30≤5078.15
    S1.48≤70
    T0.92≤70
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-06-05
  • 修回日期:  2019-08-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-10-20
  • 刊出日期:  2021-12-10

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