300M钢激光熔覆C276涂层微观组织和电化学性能

崔静 薛安源 刘玲 夏海洋 杨广峰

崔静, 薛安源, 刘玲, 夏海洋, 杨广峰. 300M钢激光熔覆C276涂层微观组织和电化学性能[J]. 航空材料学报, 2021, 41(5): 86-93. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2020.000153
引用本文: 崔静, 薛安源, 刘玲, 夏海洋, 杨广峰. 300M钢激光熔覆C276涂层微观组织和电化学性能[J]. 航空材料学报, 2021, 41(5): 86-93. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2020.000153
CUI Jing, XUE Anyuan, LIU Ling, XIA Haiyang, YANG Guangfeng. Microstructure and electrochemical properties of laser cladding C276 coating on 300M steel[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2021, 41(5): 86-93. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2020.000153
Citation: CUI Jing, XUE Anyuan, LIU Ling, XIA Haiyang, YANG Guangfeng. Microstructure and electrochemical properties of laser cladding C276 coating on 300M steel[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2021, 41(5): 86-93. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2020.000153

300M钢激光熔覆C276涂层微观组织和电化学性能

doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2020.000153
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(52076212)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    杨广峰(1979—),男,博士,主要从事激光技术与应用,联系地址:天津市东丽区中国民航大学北院机场学院(300300),E-mail:cuijingygfeng@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: V240.2

Microstructure and electrochemical properties of laser cladding C276 coating on 300M steel

  • 摘要: 为提升300M钢表面耐腐蚀性,采用NCLT CW-1K固体Nd:YAG激光器系统,利用激光熔覆技术在300M钢表面制备Hastelloy C276涂层,对C276涂层的宏观形貌、物相组成进行表征,利用滑动摩擦磨损机、电化学工作站进行摩擦磨损、电化学测试。结果表明:激光熔覆C276涂层质量良好,C276涂层较基体显微硬度提升1.4倍,但耐磨性低于300M钢基体;涂层腐蚀电位最大,腐蚀电流密度最小,在300M钢表面采用激光熔覆技术制备出C276涂层,显著提升300M钢表面耐蚀性能,为提升材料表面的耐蚀和防腐性能提供新的方案。

     

  • 图  1  C276粉末形貌

    Figure  1.  Powder morphology of C276

    图  2  功率800 W、扫描速度8 mm/s工况下熔覆层宏观形貌 (a)氩气保护条件熔覆层;(b)无氩气保护条件熔覆层

    Figure  2.  Macro morphologies of cladding layer under 800 W power and 8 mm / s scanning speed (a) cladding layer under argon protection;(b)cladding layer without argon protection

    图  3  C276涂层XRD图谱

    Figure  3.  XRD spectrum of C276 coating

    图  4  激光熔覆熔覆层横截面形貌

    Figure  4.  Cross section morphology of laser cladding layer

    图  5  激光熔覆制备涂层界面微观组织 (a)熔覆层底部;(b)熔覆层中部;(c)熔覆层上部;(d)熔覆层交界下部;(e)熔覆层交界中部;(f)熔覆层交界上部

    Figure  5.  Microstructures of coating interface prepared by laser cladding (a)bottom of fusion layer;(b)middle part of fusion layer;(c)upper part of fusion layer;(d)lower part of fusion layer;(e)middle part of fusion layer;(f)upper part of fusion layer

    图  6  定向晶枝生长示意图

    Figure  6.  Schematic diagram of directional dendrite growth

    图  7  不同熔覆区域熔覆层的显微硬度

    Figure  7.  Microhardness of cladding layer in different cladding areas

    图  8  300M钢基体与涂层摩擦系数曲线图

    Figure  8.  Friction coefficient curve of 300M steel substrate and coating

    图  9  300M钢与涂层试件前后摩损量与磨损率

    Figure  9.  Weight loss of 300M steel and coated specimens before and after coating

    图  10  C276涂层与300M钢基体的极化曲线

    Figure  10.  Polarization curve of C276 coating and 300M steel substrate

    表  1  300M钢的化学成分(质量分数/%)

    Table  1.   Chemical composition of 300M steel(mass fraction/%)

    CSiMnCrMoNiPSVFe
    0.411.660.640.710.371.900.0090.00130.008Bal
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  Hastelloy C276的化学成分(质量分数/%)

    Table  2.   Chemical composition of Hastelloy C276(mass fraction/%)

    CSiMnCrMoWCoNi
    0.00120.850.5315.5816.224.151.87Bal
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  送粉器转速与送粉量之间关系

    Table  3.   Relationship between the rotate speed and powder delivery amount of powder feeder

    Rotate speed/(r/min)Powder delivery amount/mg
    10 350
    20 800
    301400
    402200
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  极化曲线拟合结果

    Table  4.   Fitting results of polarization curve

    MaterialCorrosion current
    density Icorr/(A·cm2
    Corrosion potential Ecorr/V
    C276 coating 9.25 × 10−6−0.234
    300M steel substrate5.304 × 10−5−0.351
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 张慧萍,王崇勋,杜煦,等. 飞机起落架用300M超高强钢发展及研究现状[J]. 哈尔滨理工大学学报,2011,16(6):73-76. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1007-2683.2011.06.015

    ZHANG H P,WANG C X,DU X,et al. Aircraft landing gear with the development of 300M ultra high strength steel and research[J]. Journal of Harbin University of Science and Technology,2011,16(6):73-76. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1007-2683.2011.06.015
    [2] 杨广峰,路梦柯,张杭,等. 300M超高强钢在中性盐雾环境中的腐蚀行为及机制[J]. 钢铁研究学报,2020,32(5):406-415.

    YANG G F,LU M K,ZHANG H,et al. Corrosion behavior and mechanism of 300M ultra high strength steel in neutral salt spray environment[J]. Journal of Iron and Steel Research,2020,32(5):406-415.
    [3] WANG P N,CHANG S H. Effect of the mechanical properties and corrosion behaviors of nickel-cadmium duplex electroplated AISI 4340 steel by using various solid solution treatments[J]. Mater Trans,2018,59:406. doi: 10.2320/matertrans.M2017282
    [4] TILLMANN W,HOLLINGSWORTH P,BAUMANN I,et al. Thermally sprayed fifine structured WC-12Co coatings fifinished by ball burnishing and grinding as an innovative approach to protect forming tools against wear[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology,2015,268:134-141. doi: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2014.06.039
    [5] 汤智慧,张晓云,陆峰,等. 镀层结构与氢脆关系研究[J]. 材料工程,2006(10):37-42. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-4381.2006.10.011

    TANG Z H,ZHANG X Y,LU F,et al. Study of the relationship between plating structure and hydrogen embrittlement[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering,2006(10):37-42. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-4381.2006.10.011
    [6] MANIYA A,HASSE F. Laser cladding of a featureless iron based alloy[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology,2012,209:32-37.
    [7] 袁庆龙,冯旭东,曹晶晶. 激光熔覆技术研究进展[J]. 材料导报,2010,24(3):112-116.

    YUAN Q L,FENG X D,CAO J J. Research progress in Laser Cladding Technology[J]. Materials Reports,2010,24(3):112-116.
    [8] 宋立平. 激光表面改性及其应用[J]. 物理与工程,2010,20(4):42-44. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-7104.2010.04.014

    SONG L P. LASER Surface modification and application[J]. Physics and Engineering,2010,20(4):42-44. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-7104.2010.04.014
    [9] LI J N,CHEN C Z,HE Q S. Influence of Cu on microstructure and wear resistance of TiC/TiB/TiN reinforced composite fabricated by laser cladding[J]. Materials Chemistry and Physics,2012,133:741-745. doi: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2012.01.082
    [10] 徐金涛,李安,刘栋,等. 激光熔覆Cr3Si/γ多相涂层耐蚀性和耐磨性研究[J]. 中国激光,2016(3):66-72.

    XU J T,LI A,LIU D,et al. Research on corrosion resistance and wear resistance of laser cladding Cr3Si/g Multi-Phase coating[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers,2016(3):66-72.
    [11] 郑必举,蒋业华,胡文. 铝含量对AlxCrFeCoCuNi高熵合金涂层抗氧化性能的研究[J]. 应用激光,2016,36(1):18-22.

    ZHENG B J,JIANG Y H,HU W. Effect of Aluminum content on oxidation resistance of AlxCrFeCoCuNi high entropy alloy coating[J]. Applied Laser,2016,36(1):18-22.
    [12] KHALID S E, AlMALAHY T H. Comparative studies of the seawater corrosion behaviour of a range of materials[J]. Desalination, 2003, 158(1): 35-42.
    [13] ZHANG C, ZHANG L W, CUI Y, et al. Effects of hightemperature aging on precipitation and corrosion behavior of a Ni Cr Mo Based Hastelloy C276 Superalloy[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 2020, 29(4): 2026-2034.
    [14] YUN L, JIANG W C, ZHANG Y C, et al. Creep rupture behavior of Hastelloy C276 BNi2 brazed joint[J]. Materials Science and Engineering : A, 2018, 711: 223-232.
    [15] MOHAMMED U I, MOHAMMED I U, MURALIDHARAN S. Effect of Heat treatment and plasma arc welding on the mechanical and metallurgical properties of hastelloy C276[J].IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2020, 912(3): 032002.
    [16] 黄科,邓运来,刘敏,等. 超音速火焰喷涂哈氏合金C276涂层的显微结构与性能[J]. 材料研究与应用,2010,4(3):207-210. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9981.2010.03.011

    HUANG K,DENG Y L,LIU M,et al. Microstructure and properties of HVOF sprayed Hastelloy C276 coating[J]. Materials Research and Application,2010,4(3):207-210. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9981.2010.03.011
    [17] JUAN C, PERERIA F, ALBERTO E, et al. Microstructure assessment at high temperature in NiCoCrAlY overlay coating obtained by laser metal deposition[J].Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 2019, 8(2): 1761-1772.
    [18] ESPALLARGAS N. Introduction to thermal spray coatings[J]. Future Development of Thermal Spray Coatings,2015:1-13.
    [19] ZHANG D H,KONG D J. Microstructures and immersion corrosion behavior of laser thermal sprayed amorphous Al-Ni coatings in 3.5% NaCl solution[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds,2018,735:1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.11.054
    [20] LIU S H,CHENG X L,LU L,et al. Development of long laminar plasma jet on thermal spraying process:microstructures of zirconia coatings[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology,2018,337:241-249. doi: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.01.003
    [21] 王晓明,罗耕星,胡浩,等. 炮钢表面激光熔覆Hastelloy C-276涂层的组织及性能[J]. 应用激光,2018,38(3):321-327.

    WANG X M,LUO G X,HU H,et al. Microstructure and properties of laser cladding Hastelloy C276 coating on gunsteel surface[J]. Applied Laser,2018,38(3):321-327.
    [22] HUANG Y,ZENG X,HU Q,et al. Microstructure and interface interaction in laserinduction hybrid cladding of Ni-based coating[J]. Appl Surf Sci,2009,255:3940-3945. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.10.050
  • 加载中
图(10) / 表(4)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  38
  • HTML全文浏览量:  20
  • PDF下载量:  6
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-10-06
  • 修回日期:  2021-08-08
  • 刊出日期:  2021-10-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回