航空装备电弧熔丝增材制造技术发展及路线规划图

郑涛 郭绍庆 张国栋 施瀚超

郑涛, 郭绍庆, 张国栋, 施瀚超. 航空装备电弧熔丝增材制造技术发展及路线规划图[J]. 航空材料学报, 2023, 43(1): 18-27. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2022.000207
引用本文: 郑涛, 郭绍庆, 张国栋, 施瀚超. 航空装备电弧熔丝增材制造技术发展及路线规划图[J]. 航空材料学报, 2023, 43(1): 18-27. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2022.000207
ZHENG Tao, GUO Shaoqing, ZHANG Guodong, SHI Hanchao. Wire arc additive manufacturing technology development and route planning map for aviation equipment[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2023, 43(1): 18-27. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2022.000207
Citation: ZHENG Tao, GUO Shaoqing, ZHANG Guodong, SHI Hanchao. Wire arc additive manufacturing technology development and route planning map for aviation equipment[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2023, 43(1): 18-27. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2022.000207

航空装备电弧熔丝增材制造技术发展及路线规划图

doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2022.000207
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    郑涛(1990—),男,硕士,工程师,主要从事电弧熔丝增材制造丝材制备及工艺研究,联系地址:北京市海淀区温泉镇环山村10号(100095),E-mail: zhengtao572930@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TG441

Wire arc additive manufacturing technology development and route planning map for aviation equipment

  • 摘要: 电弧熔丝增材制造技术(wire arc additive manufacturing,WAAM)是一种高沉积效率的增材制造技术,采用逐层堆积的方式制备多种高性能的金属结构件,针对航空装备的大型、中等复杂的铝合金、钛合金WAAM成形技术的研究获得广泛关注。本文对WAAM技术定义、技术分类、成形系统及原理进行论述,综述了近年来国内外航空航天领域WAAM成形铝合金、钛合金的组织特性、冶金缺陷及质量改善、典型构件技术应用等方面的研究进展,分析了目前航空装备的大型、中等复杂构件WAAM成形技术所面临的关键共性问题,并提出了2035年WAAM成形技术路线规划图。

     

  • 图  1  电弧熔丝增材制造技术原理图[21]  (a)GMAW;(b)GTAW;(c)PAW

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagrams of WAAM[21] (a) GMAW; (b) GTAW; (c) PAW

    图  2  WAAM成形系统示意图[24]

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of the WAAM system[24]

    图  3  WAAM增材制造7055铝合金显微组织[27]  (a)最上层区域;(b)中间区域

    Figure  3.  Grain morphologies of 7055 aluminum alloy by WAAM[27]  (a) the last deposition layer; (b) middle deposition layer

    图  4  WAAM成形铝合金构件  (a)铝合金翼肋版[32];(b)燃料贮箱[33];(c)舱段件[34]

    Figure  4.  Aluminum parts formed by WAAM  (a) aluminum wing spar[32]; (b) fuel tank[33]; (c) cabin part[34]

    图  5  WAAM成形Ti-6Al-4V合金的显微组织[37]  (a)横截面;(b)顶部区域;(c)底部区域

    Figure  5.  Microstructures of Ti-6Al-4V alloy formed by WAAM[37]  (a) cross section; (b) upper layer; (b) bottom area

    图  6  航空装备WAAM成形技术发展路线规划图

    Figure  6.  WAAM forming technology development route planning map for aviation equipment

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-12-30
  • 修回日期:  2023-01-17
  • 刊出日期:  2023-02-01

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