航空用国产碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料湿热力学性能

李博 文友谊 王千足 顾轶卓 李敏 张佐光

李博, 文友谊, 王千足, 顾轶卓, 李敏, 张佐光. 航空用国产碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料湿热力学性能[J]. 航空材料学报, 2020, 40(5): 80-87. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2019.000138
引用本文: 李博, 文友谊, 王千足, 顾轶卓, 李敏, 张佐光. 航空用国产碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料湿热力学性能[J]. 航空材料学报, 2020, 40(5): 80-87. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2019.000138
Bo LI, Youyi WEN, Qianzu WANG, Yizhuo GU, Min LI, Zuoguang ZHANG. Hygrothermal mechanical properties of domestic carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composites for aviation application[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2020, 40(5): 80-87. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2019.000138
Citation: Bo LI, Youyi WEN, Qianzu WANG, Yizhuo GU, Min LI, Zuoguang ZHANG. Hygrothermal mechanical properties of domestic carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composites for aviation application[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2020, 40(5): 80-87. doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2019.000138

航空用国产碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料湿热力学性能

doi: 10.11868/j.issn.1005-5053.2019.000138
基金项目: 国家自然科学联合基金项目(U1664250)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    顾轶卓(1979—),男,博士,副教授,从事树脂基复合材料的研究,联系地址:北京航空航天大学材料学院104教研室(100191),E-mail:benniegu@buaa.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Hygrothermal mechanical properties of domestic carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composites for aviation application

  • 摘要: 用一种航空用国产T700级碳纤维和4种双马树脂分别制备复合材料,采用三种湿热条件(100 ℃水煮、70 ℃水浸、70 ℃/85%相对湿度)对复合材料层板进行湿热处理,研究室温和150 ℃下与界面和基体相关的复合材料湿热力学性能。结果表明:湿热处理后复合材料的力学性能有所降低,尤其是对复合材料高温力学性能影响显著,其中90°拉伸性能、0°压缩强度、弯曲强度、 开孔压缩强度对吸湿和温度较敏感,而0°压缩模量、弯曲模量和开孔拉伸强度对吸湿和温度不敏感。对比不同湿热条件处理后复合材料力学性能的变化,发现100 ℃水煮后力学性能衰减幅度较大,认为这与其平衡吸湿率较高有关。结合90°拉伸断面的扫描电镜分析,认为界面湿热性能是决定国产碳纤维复合材料湿热性能的关键因素。

     

  • 图  1  不同湿热条件下4种碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料单向板吸湿曲线 (a)100 ℃水煮;(b)70 ℃水浸;(c)70 ℃/ 85%RH

    Figure  1.  Moisture absorption curves of four kinds of carbon fiber/bismaleimide matrix unidirectional laminates under different hygrothermal conditions (a)100 ℃ boiling water;(b)70 ℃ water immersion;(c)70 ℃/85%RH

    图  2  70 ℃水浸前后复合材料0°压缩强度(a)及压缩模量(b)

    Figure  2.  0° compressive strength (a)and modulus (b)of composite before and after 70 ℃ water immersion

    图  3  70 ℃水浸前后复合材料弯曲强度(a)及弯曲模量(b)

    Figure  3.  Flexural strength (a) and modulus (b) of composite before and after 70 ℃ water immersion

    图  4  70 ℃水浸前后复合材料90°拉伸强度(a)及拉伸模量(b)

    Figure  4.  90° tensile strength (a)and modulus(b) of composite before and after 70 ℃ water immersion

    图  5  70 ℃水浸处理前后复合材料开孔拉伸强度 (a)及开孔压缩强度(b)

    Figure  5.  Open-hole tensile strength (a)and compressive strength(b) of composite before and after 70 ℃ water immersion

    图  6  70 ℃水浸处理前后复合材料层间剪切强度

    Figure  6.  Interlaminar shear strength of composite before and after 70 ℃ water immersion

    图  7  QY8911-4层板吸湿前后90°拉伸强度和模量

    Figure  7.  90° tensile strength and modulus of QY8911-4 laminate before and after moisture absorption

    图  8  QY8911-4层板吸湿前后0°压缩强度和模量

    Figure  8.  0° compressive strength and modulus of QY8911-4 laminate before and after moisture absorption

    图  9  QY8911-4层板吸湿前后弯曲强度和模量

    Figure  9.  Flexural strength and modulus of QY8911-4 laminate before and after moisture absorption

    图  10  QY8911-4层板吸湿前后层间剪切强度

    Figure  10.  Interlaminar shear strength of QY8911-4 laminate before and after moisture absorption

    图  11  QY8911-4层板吸湿前后开孔拉伸强度和开孔压缩强度

    Figure  11.  Open-hole tensile and compressive strength of QY8911-4 laminate before and after moisture absorption

    图  12  QY8911-4单向层板在不同湿热条件下的湿膨胀系数

    Figure  12.  Moisture expansion coefficient of QY8911-4 unidirectional laminate under different hydrothermal conditions

    图  13  QY8911-4层板90°拉伸断面扫描电镜照片 (a)干态室温;(b)干态高温;(c)70 ℃水浸室温;(d)70 ℃水浸高温;(e)100 ℃水煮室温;(f)100 ℃水煮高温;(g)70 ℃/ 85%RH室温;(h)70 ℃/ 85%RH高温

    Figure  13.  Fracture morphology of QY8911-4 laminate after 90° tensile testing using scanning electron microscope(a)dry at room temperature;(b)dry at elevated temperature;(c)70 ℃ water immersion at room temperature;(d)70 ℃ water immersion at elevated temperature;(e)100 ℃ boiling water at room temperature;(f)100 ℃ boiling water at elevated temperature;(g)70 ℃/85% RH at room temperature;(h)70 ℃/85% RH at elevated temperature

    表  1  碳纤维/双马复合材料层板

    Table  1.   Carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composite laminates

    Material brandMaterial typeMolding method
    JH carbon fiber/QY9611 resinUnidirectional prepregAutoclave
    JH carbon fiber/5429 resinUnidirectional prepregAutoclave
    JH carbon fiber/QY9512 resinUnidirectional fabric and resin filmResin film infusion
    JH carbon fiber/QY8911-4 resinUnidirectional fabric and liquid resinResin transfer molding
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  三种湿热实验条件

    Table  2.   Three kinds of hydrothermal conditions

    Treating conditionTreating time/h
    100 ℃ boiling water130
    70 ℃ water immersion390
    70 ℃/85% relative humidity850
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] ZHONG Y,CHENG M,ZHANG X,et al. Hygrothermal durability of glass and carbon fiber reinforced composites–a comparative study[J]. Composite Structures,2019,211:134-143.
    [2] 易增博,殷武雄,赵宗严,等. 碳纤维增强双马来酰亚胺树脂复合材料耐湿热性能[J]. 塑料工业,2017,45(8):126-130. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-5770.2017.08.031

    YI Z B,YIN W X,ZHAO Z Y,et al. Hygrothermal resistance properties of carbon fibers reinforced modified bismaleimide composites[J]. China Plastics Industry,2017,45(8):126-130.) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-5770.2017.08.031
    [3] SUN P,ZHAO Y,LUO Y,et al. Effect of temperature and cyclic hygrothermal aging on the interlaminar shear strength of carbon fiber/bismaleimide(BMI)composite [J]. Materials & Design,2011,32(8/9):4341-4347.
    [4] 肖文萍,许俊华,朱怡超. 腐蚀环境因子对环氧树脂基复合材料性能影响研究[J]. 装备环境工程,2008,5(6):76-81. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-9242.2008.06.017

    XIAO W P,XU J H,ZHU Y C. Study of the influence of corrosion environmental factors on the performance of epoxy resin composites[J]. Equipment Environmental Engineering,2008,5(6):76-81.) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-9242.2008.06.017
    [5] 彭雷,张建宇,鲍蕊,等. 湿热,紫外环境对T300/QY8911复合材料孔板静力性能的影响[J]. 复合材料学报,2009,26(3):18-22. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-3851.2009.03.004

    PENG L,ZHANG J Y,BAO R,et al. Effects of hygrothermal and ultraviolet conditions on static properties of T300/QY8911 laminated composites containing an open hole[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica,2009,26(3):18-22.) doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-3851.2009.03.004
    [6] CÂNDIDO G M,COSTA M L,REZENDE M C,et al. Hygrothermal effects on quasi-isotropic carbon epoxy laminates with machined and molded edges[J]. Composites Part B,2008,39(3):490-496.
    [7] ADDA-BEDIA E A,BOUAZZA M,TOUNSI A,et al. Prediction of stiffness degradation in hygrothermal aged[θm/90n]S composite laminates with transverse cracking[J]. Journal of Materials Processing Technology,2008,199(1/3):199-205.
    [8] COSTA M L,REZENDE M C,ALMEIDA S F. Strength of hygrothermally conditioned polymer composites with voids[J]. Journal of Composite Materials,2005,9(1):1943-1961.
    [9] 黄业青,张康助,王晓洁. T700碳纤维复合材料耐湿热老化研究[J]. 高科技纤维与应用,2006,31(3):19-21. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1007-9815.2006.03.006

    HUANG Y Q,ZHANG K Z,WANG X J. Resist to thermal and wetting aging research on t700 carbon fiber composite[J]. Hi-tech Fiber & Application,2006,31(3):19-21.) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1007-9815.2006.03.006
    [10] 徐凯龙,刘璐璐,赵振华,等. 循环湿热老化对T700/TDE86碳纤维复合材料层间断裂韧度的影响[J]. 航空材料学报,2019,39(4):40-48.

    XU K L,LIU L L,ZHAO Z H,et al. Effect of cyclic hygrothermal aging on interlaminar fracture toughness of T700/TDE86 carbon composite[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials,2019,39(4):40-48.)
    [11] 谭翔飞,谭鹏达,何宇廷,等. 航空碳纤维增强树脂基复合材料加筋壁板吸湿行为[J]. 材料工程,2019,47(12):61-69.

    TAN X F,TAN P D,HE Y T,et al. Moisture behavior of aeronautic carbon fiber reinforced resin composite stiffened panel[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering,2019,47(12):61-69.)
    [12] 冯青,李敏,顾轶卓,等. 不同湿热条件下碳纤维/环氧复合材料湿热性能实验研究[J]. 复合材料学报,2010,27(6):16-20.

    FENG Q,LI M,GU Y Z,et al. Experimental research on hygrothermal properties of carbon fiber/epoxy resin composite under different hygrothermal conditions[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica,2010,27(6):16-20.)
    [13] 齐磊,李敏,顾轶卓,等. 几种碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料湿热特性实验研究[J]. 航空学报,2009,30(12):2476-2480. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6893.2009.12.034

    QI L,LI M,GU Y Z,et al. Experimental study on hygrothermal properties of several kinds of carbon fiber/BMI resin composites[J]. Acta Aeronautica et Astronautica Sinica,2009,30(12):2476-2480.) doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6893.2009.12.034
    [14] 王迎芬,彭公秋,谢富原. 国产T700级碳纤维/BMI复合材料湿热性能[J]. 材料科学与工艺,2018,26(3):16-22. doi: 10.11951/j.issn.1005-0299.20170183

    WANG Y F,PENG G Q,XIE F Y. Hygrothermal properties of domestic T700 carbon fiber/bismaleimide composites[J]. Materials Science and Technology,2018,26(3):16-22.) doi: 10.11951/j.issn.1005-0299.20170183
    [15] 封彤波,肇研,罗云烽,等. 循环湿热环境下碳纤维复合材料的界面性能[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2010,36(12):1427-1431.

    FENG T B,ZHAO Y,LUO Y F,et al. Effect of cyclic hygrothermal environment on interfacial property of CCF300/BMI composites[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2010,36(12):1427-1431.)
    [16] 陈达,肇研,罗云烽,等. 循环湿热环境下碳纤维复合材料界面性能[J]. 材料科学与工艺,2012,20(6):1-6. doi: 10.11951/j.issn.1005-0299.20120601

    CHEN D,ZHAO Y,LUO Y F,et al. Interfacial property of carbon fiber composites in cyclic hygrothermal environment[J]. Materials Science & Technology,2012,20(6):1-6.) doi: 10.11951/j.issn.1005-0299.20120601
    [17] 隋晓东,熊舒,朱亮,等. 国产T800级碳纤维/环氧树脂复合材料湿热性能[J]. 航空材料学报,2019,39(3):88-93.

    SUN X D,XIONG S,ZHU L,et al. Hygrothermal properties of domestic T800 carbonfiber/epoxy composites [J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials,2019,39(3):88-93.)
  • 加载中
图(13) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  3782
  • HTML全文浏览量:  2212
  • PDF下载量:  40
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-08-26
  • 修回日期:  2019-09-21
  • 刊出日期:  2020-10-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回